Trauma to the penis occurs both in children and adults. There is a considerable number of different causes:
- Blunt trauma, including penile fracture
- Full and partial amputation
- Avulsion injuries
- Strangulation injuries
- Zipper injuries
- Miscellaneous injuries due to use of erection-inducing devices, sexual abuse, and torture.
Intentional wrapping of strangulating objects around the penis has been reported in some cultures in an attempt to ward off evil spirits or to treat urinary incontinence or nocturnal emissions. The most common motive associated with foreign bodies of the genitourinary tract is sexual or erotic in nature. The most suitable method of removing a encircling penile foreign body depends on the size and mobility of the object applied to the genitourinary tract.